Trace Gases


Named from the Greek words meaning “nitre forming”, nitre being an ancient common name for the compound potassium nitrate. Nitrogen is a colorless and odorless gas. In its natural state, it is fairly unreactive. However, under certain circumstances, it reacts extensively with a variety of compounds. Nitrogen makes up 78% of the Earth’s atmosphere, but it is uncommon anywhere else. Nitrogen is used extensively, being a key component in explosives, plastics, drugs and dyes and an essential element to the fertilizer industry. Liquid nitrogen is used for many cryogenic activities.

Nitrogen has been used for generations in industrial applications via the separation processes of either PSA (power swing absorption) or fiber membrane separation.

Some of the uses of nitrogen include:

  • Spray Painting
  • Mining
  • Wine Production
  • Food packaging
  • Tire filling in vehicle and aircraft
  • Fertilizer,
  • Explosives
  • Medical anesthetic
  • Fire Extinguishing



Material application using spray gun technology has relied on compressed air since the early 1900’s. The presence of moisture in the compressed air has always been a challenge during liquid and powder application. Inline filtration and drying has proven to increase the quality of work but the benefits of drier and cleaner air raises quality and efficiency to a whole new level.

The process of using heated nitrogen through the molecular separation of oxygen and hydrogen from the compressed air results in the cleanest, dry medium available for spray-on applications. The addition of heat to the nitrogen further enhances efficiency and productivity in the promotion of curing/drying time of the liquid being applied.

The atomization process using a single gas (nitrogen) is far more efficient than the atomization process use of multiple gasses in compressed air. Atomization can now occur at lower pressures thereby reducing compressor consumption, minimizing overspray and wasted material with significant less VOCs being exhausted into the atmosphere, which subsequently increasing the booth exhaust filters lifespan.

The technology has been in existence since 2005 and has made significant inroads into the automotive and industrial sectors internationally.

Current users of this technology have seen vast benefits in material savings, improved cycle times (due to faster curing) and a higher quality finish.

The high volume requirements of a liquid application process are addressed with an in-house “nitrogen on demand” generator solution that eliminates the need for high-pressure tanks and adherence to hazardous requirements.

The NitroMax systems will provide an unlimited supply of heated nitrogen as long as it’s provided with clean compressed air and electricity.

  • Atomic number (number of protons in the nucleus): 7
  • Atomic symbol (on the Periodic Table of Elements): N
  • Atomic weight (average mass of the atom): 14.0067
  • Density: 0.0012506 grams per cubic centimeter
  • Phase at room temperature: Gas
  • Melting point: minus 321 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 210 degrees Celsius)
  • Boiling point: minus 320.42 F (minus 195.79 C)
  • Number of isotopes (atoms of the same element with a different number of neutrons): 16 including 2 stable ones
  • Most common isotopes: Nitrogen-14 (Abundance: 99.63 percent)

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